Kenya’s last national TB survey was carried out over 50 years ago in 1958 – 1959 and found a high TB prevalence of 646 per 100,000 population.

Between 1958 and 1990, the TB incidence in Kenya fell by about 4% per year. If the trend continued, TB incidence would have been at about 91/100,000 by the end of 2010. However, this trend was interrupted in the late eighties when an exponential growth in TB cases that emerged with the onset of HIV. Kenya has relied on estimates to quantify the TB burden; in 2013, the estimated prevalence of TB was 210 per 100,000.


What is the TB Prevalence Survey?
The TB survey is a national exercise to assess the burden of TB in the country. The survey will provide an accurate estimate of Kenya’s TB burden, determine the existing challenges in accessing TB testing and treatment, and characterize persons identified with TB not yet detected by the National TB control program. This will inform the government on how to effectively respond to TB control based on the findings


Who is eligible for the survey?
Eligible individuals include those aged 15 years and above, who will be required to voluntarily sign a consent form; asked a few questions about themselves and their health; invited for a free of charge chest X-ray at a given site in their communities and if necessary asked to give two sputum samples for TB examination.